Burns is one of the most common phenomena which have happened to almost all of us. They are damaging to the outer skin or the tissue beneath, due to heating or burning.
What Causes Burns?
Dry heat (such as fire), wet heat (such as steam or hot liquids), radiation, friction, heated objects, the sun, electricity, or chemicals can all cause burns. Thermal burns are the most common kind of burns. These burns occur when flames, hot metals, scalding liquids, or steam come in contact with skin as a result of many different circumstances, including house fires, vehicle accidents, kitchen accidents, and electrical malfunctions.
What Are the Symptoms of Burns?
The symptoms of burns depend on the cause and type of burn. They can include:
- Pain (The degree of pain is not related to the severity of the burn, as the most serious burns can be painless.)
- Peeling skin
- Red skin
- Shock (Symptoms of shock may include pale and clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and fingernails, and a drop in alertness.)
- White or charred skin
Burns are categorized under three different heads according to the severity, namely: first degree burns, second-degree burns and third-degree burns.
The first degree burns are the least severe of the 3 types and the area affected is the outer layer of the skin. They cause red colored patch and heals within a week.
The second-degree burns are related to the outer layer of the skin and the layer beneath. They can cause swelling, blisters, and scarring in the affected area.
The third degree burns are the severe most of the 3 and are burns to the outer layer, all the layers beneath and the tissues as well. They may damage all the layers of the skin and tissues. They may cause shock or death in worst cases.
Burns can sometimes get infected as a result of the damaged skin that protects the body from microorganisms. Home remedies are applicable only to the first degree burns. For the rest, immediate medical attention is required. Third-degree burns may require surgery. First aid is a must for all the types of burns.
Home remedies and precautions For Burns:
1) Immediately wash the affected area with water (preferably cold water) to help prevent the flow of heat to the inner organs. This is applicable for all the types of burns.
2) Another first aid measure can be a vinegar compress. Soak a piece of cloth in vinegar and apply on the affected area. Vinegar soothes the area and prevents burning sensation. Change the compress according to the need.
3) Lavender oil is another old remedy. Apply pure lavender oil on the burn. It reduces the pain and inflammation. It prevents scarring as well.
4) Aloe Vera is another wonder remedy for burns. Apply Aloe Vera gel or pure extract on the affected region. It is antiseptic as well as soothing.
5) Applying honey to the burnt area after properly washing it may reduce the burning sensation and aids faster healing.
6) Mash some papaya and apply on the burn. The enzymes help in faster relief and removing dead burnt cells.
7) Break an egg and extract the white portion. Apply it on the burnt area.
8) An onion, cut into half and applied to the affected region also helps reduce the trapped heat.
9) One may soak the burn in cold milk for 15-20 minutes.
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10) Burn a piece of cotton wool and add some olive or vegetable oil to it to make a thick paste. Cover the burn with this paste and bandage. Repeat it 3-4 times in a week.
11) Crush some marigold leaves and add a little water to make a paste. Apply it on the wound.
12) Concentrate on vitamins like vitamin C, vitamin B complex and minerals like zinc, copper, selenium.
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